PHPUnit is a programmer-oriented testing framework for PHP.
It is an instance of the xUnit architecture for unit testing frameworks.
PHPUnit 5.6 is the current stable release series.
It became stable on October 7, 2016.
Its support ends on December 2, 2016 when PHPUnit 5.7 is released.
You can find out what's new in PHPUnit 5.6 in the release announcement.
PHPUnit 5.6 is supported on PHP 5.6 and PHP 7.
PHPUnit 4.8 is the current old stable release series.
It became stable on August 7, 2015.
Its support ends on February 3, 2017 when PHPUnit 6 is released.
You can find out what's new in PHPUnit 4.8 in the release announcement.
PHPUnit 4.8 is supported on PHP 5.3, PHP 5.4, PHP 5.5, and PHP 5.6.
The documentation has details on how to verify PHAR releases of PHPUnit using PGP signatures and SHA1 hashes as well as how to install PHPUnit using Composer.
Old PHAR releases are archived at phar.phpunit.de.